Naturally renewable, the forest is one of Sweden’s most important resources, playing a central role in a sustainable society. The forest resource must be used in a way that maintains productivity and biodiversity - renewal and growth without damaging other ecosystems. Swedish forests are primarily boreal. The total standing volume is about 3 000 million m3, of which 41% is spruce/whitewood (Picea abies), also called Norwegian spruce, and 40% pine/redwood (Pinus sylvestris), also called Scots pine. 18% is birch and 6% consists of other deciduous trees.
In the southern, hemi-boreal parts of Sweden, a wide belt of mixed forests with coniferous and deciduous trees is found. The very southernmost parts are nemoral and thus originally covered with deciduous forests.
The coniferous forests in Sweden are sometimes referred to as the western taiga. The rotation period of the forest varies from 65–110 years depending on the geographical location.